Friday, June 3, 2011

International Basketball Regulations

Basketball is a contact team sport played by 12-15



members but only 5 players each team are allowed to go



inside the court at a time and play the game. Others



who are left on the sides are substitutes. It was



first played in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1891. It



can either be played indoors or outdoors. And the name



was derived from shooting the ball inside a basket



which is known as the ring.







Basketball, like every game, has its certain rules and



regulations that are needed to propel an exciting and



organized game. The time that was introduced varies



from one organization and tournament to another.



Wherein this article will discuss the rules and



regulations used during international section.







Objective







The main objective of the game is to outrun scores.



This is done by shooting the ball through the



opponent’s basket while preventing opposing team to



score or get a hold of the ball. Attempting to score



is called a shooting. Two points will be equivalent to



one shot while 3 points happens when a shot is taken



6.25 meters from the basket basing on the



international aspect.







Regulations







Time







An international basketball game lasts about 2 hours.



Within this time, there would be 4 quarters of playing



time of 10 minutes every quarter. Add the 15 minutes



that are allotted for half-time break and the other 2



minutes for the other quick breaks. At the end of the



second quarter, teams change baskets. Time is stopped



when the game is not active or when certain problems



arise while the game is at play.







Time-outs would typically last not more than a minute.



This also applies for clock stoppages. Time-outs are



used for short meet ups with players when the coach



wants to emphasize something important.







Team







A basketball roster is comprised of 12 players. And



the game is played by two opposing team. In each team,



out of the 12 members, only 5 are allowed to actually



play inside the court each time. So technically, you



would see 10 people inside the court battling it out



for one ball. Teams have their own coach who gives out



strategies and developments of the team. More like a



teacher at the side of the court. Aside from the



coach, the team also has its own personnel like



assistant coaches, statisticians, managers, trainers



and in case of emergency, a doctor.







Attire







This goes for both men and women. The standard uniform



that everyone should follow is a pair of comfortable



shorts and jersey. Printed at the front and back of



the jersey, the player’s number should be visible



enough for everyone to see. Sneakers are high-top to



provide ankle support. Aside from these, you’ll also



notice that the team’s name, sponsors and player’s



name is printed.







Game Officials







Officials calling the shots are consisted with the



referees, two umpires, and table officials. Table



officials are the ones who are responsible for



recording scoring, substitutions, timekeeping, team



and individual fouls, and the shot clock.







Equipment







Two of the most important equipments that are needed



for a basketball game to be in session are the court



and the ball itself. The court looks rectangular and



flat with two baskets at the opposite sides. This will



be enough for freestyle basketball. But in competitive



areas, the requirements are more complicated.



Equipments needed aside from the court and ball are



the score sheets, possession arrows, clocks,



scoreboards and clock systems that are operated by the



table officials.

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