Basketball is a contact team sport played by 12-15
members but only 5 players each team are allowed to go
inside the court at a time and play the game. Others
who are left on the sides are substitutes. It was
first played in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1891. It
can either be played indoors or outdoors. And the name
was derived from shooting the ball inside a basket
which is known as the ring.
Basketball, like every game, has its certain rules and
regulations that are needed to propel an exciting and
organized game. The time that was introduced varies
from one organization and tournament to another.
Wherein this article will discuss the rules and
regulations used during international section.
The main objective of the game is to outrun scores.
This is done by shooting the ball through the
opponent’s basket while preventing opposing team to
score or get a hold of the ball. Attempting to score
is called a shooting. Two points will be equivalent to
one shot while 3 points happens when a shot is taken
6.25 meters from the basket basing on the
An international basketball game lasts about 2 hours.
Within this time, there would be 4 quarters of playing
time of 10 minutes every quarter. Add the 15 minutes
that are allotted for half-time break and the other 2
minutes for the other quick breaks. At the end of the
second quarter, teams change baskets. Time is stopped
when the game is not active or when certain problems
arise while the game is at play.
Time-outs would typically last not more than a minute.
This also applies for clock stoppages. Time-outs are
used for short meet ups with players when the coach
wants to emphasize something important.
A basketball roster is comprised of 12 players. And
the game is played by two opposing team. In each team,
out of the 12 members, only 5 are allowed to actually
play inside the court each time. So technically, you
would see 10 people inside the court battling it out
for one ball. Teams have their own coach who gives out
strategies and developments of the team. More like a
teacher at the side of the court. Aside from the
coach, the team also has its own personnel like
assistant coaches, statisticians, managers, trainers
and in case of emergency, a doctor.
This goes for both men and women. The standard uniform
that everyone should follow is a pair of comfortable
shorts and jersey. Printed at the front and back of
the jersey, the player’s number should be visible
enough for everyone to see. Sneakers are high-top to
provide ankle support. Aside from these, you’ll also
notice that the team’s name, sponsors and player’s
name is printed.
Officials calling the shots are consisted with the
referees, two umpires, and table officials. Table
officials are the ones who are responsible for
recording scoring, substitutions, timekeeping, team
and individual fouls, and the shot clock.
Two of the most important equipments that are needed
for a basketball game to be in session are the court
and the ball itself. The court looks rectangular and
flat with two baskets at the opposite sides. This will
be enough for freestyle basketball. But in competitive
areas, the requirements are more complicated.
Equipments needed aside from the court and ball are
the score sheets, possession arrows, clocks,
scoreboards and clock systems that are operated by the